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how long do lithium ion batteries last in storage

How Long Do Lithium Ion Batteries Last in Storage

Introduction

Lithium ion batteries are widely used in various devices such as smartphones, laptops, cameras, and electric vehicles. However, one common concern with these batteries is their lifespan in storage. Many people wonder how long lithium ion batteries can last when not in use.

Factors affecting battery lifespan in storage

Battery charge level

The charge level of a lithium ion battery greatly affects its lifespan in storage. It is recommended to store lithium ion batteries at around 50% charge. Storing the battery at full capacity can lead to degradation, while storing it at very low charge can cause the battery to become over-discharged.

Temperature

Temperature is another crucial factor that impacts the lifespan of lithium ion batteries in storage. High temperatures can accelerate battery degradation, while low temperatures can cause the battery to self-discharge at a faster rate. It is best to store lithium ion batteries in a cool, dry place to prolong their lifespan.

Age of the battery

The age of the battery also plays a significant role in its lifespan while in storage. Over time, regardless of whether the battery is being used or not, it will naturally degrade. Therefore, older lithium ion batteries will have a shorter lifespan in storage compared to newer ones.

Storage duration

The duration for which a lithium ion battery is stored also impacts its lifespan. Generally, the longer the battery remains unused, the more it will degrade. Therefore, it is important to use the stored batteries periodically and recharge them to prevent degradation.

Manufacturing quality

The quality of the battery at the time of manufacture also affects its lifespan in storage. Cheaper, lower quality batteries may degrade more quickly while in storage compared to higher quality, more expensive batteries.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the lifespan of lithium ion batteries in storage can vary depending on several factors such as charge level, temperature, age of the battery, storage duration, and manufacturing quality. By taking proper care and following the recommended storage guidelines, the lifespan of lithium ion batteries in storage can be prolonged. It is important to store these batteries at an optimal charge level, in a cool and dry place, and to use and recharge them periodically to prevent degradation.

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